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April 2016

Volume 2  Issue 1
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Research Article

Efficacy and safety of chlorhexidine-lidocaine vs. placebo in adult patients with acute pharyngitis

Othar Zourabichvili*, Kris De Ceulaer, Mina Hanna, Ramaz Shengelia, Mikheil Jashi, Merab Adamia, Aurélie Darnaud, Perben Homøe, Georges Lamas and Marc Van Diest

Acute pharyngitis is characterized by sore throat accompanied by inflammation and burning sensation in the throat causing impaired swallowing and, in some cases, impaired saliva production. The present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of a lemon-flavored lozenge formulation (Medica®) containing a combination 5 mg chlorhexidine (dihydrochloride) with 1 mg lidocaine (hydrochloride).

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Review article

No Additional Morbidity Associated with Adding Neck Dissection to a Thyroidectomy: A NSQIP Analysis of 44,887 Patients

Jon P. Ver Halen*

The potential oncologic benefit of adding neck dissection to thyroidectomy procedures is balanced with a presumed increased morbidity from more extensive surgery. Although there has been some literature documenting the risks of adverse events (AE) from neck dissection in single institutions, there has not been a large volume analysis to investigate this issue.

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Case Report

Facial Nerve Paralysis after Silver Nitrate Application

Richard Vincent* Julian Amin MD, David Eisenman MD

Silver nitrate is commonly used as a cauterizing agent for treatment of granulation tissue. It was first described in the otologic literature in 1848, when William Wilde used it to stimulate closure of tympanic membrane perforations and later to cauterize granulation tissue within the middle ear. It acts as an oxidizing agent producing free radicals that lead to tissue coagulation and bacterial protein denaturation and has been shown to decrease hypertrophic granulation tissue and enhance wound healing.

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Research Article

Extended Valsalva’s Maneuver a Method to Improve the Efficacy of Autoinflation Procedures

Sven Eric Stangerup*, Mirko Tos

The Valsalva maneuver is recommended to clear a negative middle ear pressure and in case of Eustachian tube dysfunction. We describe a new method to improuve the efficacy of autoinflation procedures. The subjects of the study comprizes of a cohort of children, followed since age 2 years at annual examinations until age 10 year and then called in for a final examination at age 25 years including otomicroscopy and tympanometry. 113 subjects were included in the study.

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Retrospective Study

Management of Cervical Lymph Node Tuberculosis (About 250 Cases)

IliasTahiri*, Mohamed Moutaa Tatari, Laarbi Redalah Abada, Sami Rouadi, Mohamed Roubal, Mohamed Mahtar

Tuberculosis (TB) is still the biggest health challenge of the countries undergoing development, especially with the increase in the incidence of resistance to TB medical treatment. Among all extra-pulmonary forms of tuberculosis which represent 30-35% of reported cases, lymph node TB is the most frequent, especially cervical that is the predominant location (75%). It can be a manifestation of a systemic disease or primary disease in the neck.

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