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November 2015

Volume 1  Issue 4

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Review Article

The Role of the Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Diode in Dental and Oral Surgery

Erin Morency, Manuel Dujovny*, Onyekachi Ibe, Pablo Sosa, Fabian Cremaschi, Lori Burkow-Heikkinen

Since the discovery of the first working laser in the 1960’s, special emphasis has been placed on the development and use of low level laser therapy in medical treatment. Many forms of therapy using the NIR-LED GaAs for the treatment of pain, wound healing and tendon inflammation have been documented.  Near infrared is one of three forms of infrared radiation within the electromagnetic spectrum, ranging from about 630 nm to 1100 nm. The discovery of radiation is credited to William Herschel during the early 1800s, but its industrial use was not developed until the 1950s when near infrared was used as an add-on unit to other optical devices with different wavelengths, such as ultraviolet spectrometers.

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Research Article

Honey Can Help Wound Healing After Cleft Lip Repair

Shahin AbdolahiFakhim, Keyvan Akhtarkavan, Gholamreza Bayazian*, Davood hasanzadeh, Hosein Khalfi

Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital defects in the maxillofacial region. Cleft lip occurs in 1 in 1000 live births in the United States, whereas cleft palate deformity occurs in 1 in 2000 live births. Cleft lip deformities occur with the highest incidence among Native Americans (3.6 in 1000 births), Asians (2.1 in 1000), and whites (1 in 1000) and with the lowest incidence among blacks (0.41 in 1000). Management of cleft lip has varied along history. Patients born with a cleft lip/palate, undergo various surgical repairs of the cleft with different results and outcomes. In cleft lip repair, attention to scar formation and wound appearance is very important to achieve more esthetic results.

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Editorial

Disparity in Racial Disparity Data in the Head and Neck Cancer Population

Pedram Daraei MD*, Oswaldo A. Henriquez, MD, Charles E. Moore MD

Head and neck cancers are an overall rare but debilitating collection of disease processes that invariably affect patient quality of life. The head and neck region is unique in that dysfunction often interferes with multiple senses, impairs different forms of communication, in addition to vital functions such as breathing and swallowing. Although head and neck cancer is infrequent overall with approximately 55,070 new cases diagnosed yearly, the significant comorbidities associated with this subset of cancer are profound. For this reason early, goal-directed treatment is paramount.

 

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Research Article

Evaluation of Hearing Loss in Behcet’s Disease By High Frequency Audiometry, Auditory Steady-State Response (ASSR), Auditory Brainstem  Response (ABR), and Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP)

Salim Yüce* , Ayhan DURSUN , Mansur DOĞAN , E.Elif ALTUNTAŞa , M.İlker TOKER , Mehtap DOĞAN , Suphi MÜDERRİS , İsmail Önder UYSAL

Behcet’s disease (BD) was first defined by the Turkish dermatologist Prof. Dr. Hulusi Behcet in 1937 and is a vasculitic disease that manifests itself with the classical triad of eye inflammation and oral and genital ulcers. In BD, along with mucocutenous involvement, involvement of other systems such as joints, vascular system, gastrointestinal system, and central nerve system can be observed, too. Although there are no pathognomonic laboratory findings, the disease can be diagnosed based on the clinical criteria. Risk of blindness due to ocular involvement is the most important reason for morbidity.

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